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Mountaintop Removal Mining: Digging Into Community Health ...

The practice of mountaintop removal (MTR) coal mining has been carried out on at least 500 Appalachian peaks.1 MTR mining is controversial for its environmental impacts: "Spoil"—the earth and rock dislodged by mining—is deposited in the valleys of this hilly and steep terrain,2 by some estimates burying almost 2,000 miles of headwater streams that ultimately feed the Mississippi River ...

Surface Mining and Quality of Life in Appalachian Region

Study Area for the Surface Mining and Quality of Life in Appalachian Region of Kentucky ... coal dust, clay, and toxic chemicals (called slurry or sludge), which are stored behind hundreds of earthen dams throughout Appalachia. These dams have caused tragic consequences to downstream communities and the environment.

Environmental Devastation in Appalachian | by Josiah Ng ...

Environmental Devastation in Appalachian. Josiah Ng. Apr 28, 2018 · 4 min read. Coal mining has long been a staple in central Appalachians' economy. The coal mining "hub" includes, ...

The Violent Remaking of Appalachia - The Atlantic

Central Appalachia's history is the story of coal. At its peak in the mid-20 th century, mining employed more than 150,000 people in West ia …

Confronting acid mine drainage: A conversation with Rural ...

The problems posed by abandoned mine lands come in many forms across places impacted by coal mining — and each contributes to making these communities less healthy, less safe, and less inviting for residents and businesses. Open mine portals can overflow, causing landslides. Dangerous impoundments rupture and cause toxic floods.

A toxic crisis in America's coal country - BBC News

This is Appalachia - the heart of America's coal country. It is home to some of the poorest and most isolated communities in the US and the legacy of mining, be it the abandoned processing plants ...

Engulfed in a Toxic Cloud: The Effects of Coal Mining On ...

The continued growth of coal mining has left communities with pervasive and irreparable damage. Until recently, however, the effects of coal on human health have been largely ignored and mining has continued without many appeals for improvement. In both the United States and China, industrial achievements have created a legacy of pollution that is taking a major toll on human health. …

Coal mining has negative impact on freshwater stream ...

Previous research suggests that coal mining operations can negatively impact the environment. For instance, mountaintop-mining valley fill operations, common across Appalachia, often result in bioaccumulation of toxic chemicals in fish while other mining operations acidify freshwater …

Appalachia is transitioning from coal. Here's what it ...

In the 13 Appalachian states, there are 406 Superfund sites. While taxpayers fund the cleanup of these sites, the EPA under the Trump administration is weakening regulations for coal ash, chemicals, and air pollution, and working with industry to craft its policies.

Contaminants in Appalachian Water Resources Generated by ...

Mountaintop removal coal mining enhances and sustains saline baseflows of Appalachian watersheds. Environ Sci Technol 51:8324–8334 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Pond GJ (2010) Patterns of Ephemeroptera taxa loss in Appalachian headwater streams (Kentucky, USA).

The 100-year capitalist experiment that keeps Appalachia ...

Though it's hard to put a dollar sign on the human toll, Hendryx estimates that costs associated with the higher mortality of Appalachia's coal-mining …

Respiratory Diseases Caused by Coal Mine Dust

Coal is an important global commodity and will remain so for the foreseeable future. Thus, mining of coal will also remain important. Despite improvements in exposure assessment and ventilation controls and the existence of protective government regulations, coal miners are still at risk for respiratory diseases caused by coal mine dust and their associated morbidity and mortality.

Mountaintop Removal | Learning to Give

Furthermore, coalfield communities must deal with toxic sludge impoundments. Coal sludge or slurry contains many toxic chemicals including arsenic, mercury, and lead to name just a few (Appalachian Voices). The coal sludge is put in impoundments, which are prone to failure. When these impoundments fail the impacts are staggering.

Coal mining in Sebastian County - sfa.terc.edu

the coal mines closed. Almost every family in the district had someone working for the coal company, or sup-plying goods or services to them or the people that worked for the coal companies. Some boys as young as ten years old started working in the mines. Although coal mining was a good income for most families, it also had a bad side. Coal mining

Characterization of particulate matter (PM10) related to ...

This study investigates the environmental exposure of residents of a community in southwest ia to respirable concentrations of dust (PM-10 i.e. PM 10) generated by trucks hauling coal from surface coal mining operations.The study site is representative of communities in southwest ia and other parts of Appalachia that are located in narrow hollows where homes are placed …

Consortium to Look at Pulling Critical Minerals from ...

Funded by a $1.2 million U.S. Department of Energy grant, a consortium of researchers will determine if critical minerals can be extracted from the waste byproducts of Appalachian coal mining. More measures like this could be a "game changer" for the rural Appalachia regions once dependent on coal for their economy, experts say.

Mountaintop Removal - United Church of Christ

In 2002, the Bush Administration changed the definition of "fill material" in the Clean Water Act to include toxic mining waste, which allowed coal companies to legally create valley fills. Processing – Coal must be washed and treated before it is shipped to power plants for burning.

Coal Mining in Appalachia and Environmental Justice

Coal slurry is a toxic waste fluid that is produced as coal is washed with water and other chemicals before being sold (Smith, 2014). As a result of this spill, recreational waterways were unusable due to the toxic nature of the materials that …

Coal Mining's Environmental Impact | From The Ashes - YouTube

In Appalachia, coal companies blow the tops off of mountains to get at the coal. The damage this does to the surrounding environment and water supply is deva...

Mountaintop-Removal Coal Mining Poisons Appalachia's ...

Mountaintop-removal coal mining allows toxic heavy metals such as cadmium, selenium, and arsenic to leach into Appalachia's local water supplies. Research shows that "residents in mining areas -- especially mountaintop removal mining areas -- have higher incidents of cancer, heart disease, kidney disease, birth defects, premature mortality and ...

Coal Controversy In Appalachia - NASA

Mountaintop removal coal mines have changed the shape, altitude, and ecology of large areas of the Appalachian coalfields. This photograph shows part of the Kayford Mountain Mine in West ia on October 22, 2006. [© Vivian Stockman, Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition (OVEC).] The most controversial mines are known as mountaintop removal ...

Selenium: Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining's Toxic Legacy ...

Across Appalachia, coal companies have tried to cut costs and access more coal by using a highly destructive form of mining called mountaintop removal (sometimes referred to as MTR). These mines use high explosives to blow up the rock and other materials that overlay coal seams in the mountains and ridgelines of Appalachia.

Coal Mining in Appalachia and Environmental Justice

Coal slurry is a toxic waste fluid that is produced as coal is washed with water and other chemicals before being sold (Smith, 2014). As a result of this spill, recreational waterways were unusable due to the toxic nature of the materials that were discharged.

NRDC: APPALACHIAN HEARTBREAK - Time to End …

Time to End Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining ... Surface or strip mining currently accounts for 40 to 45 percent of coal production in Central Appalachia. Approximately ... metals and toxic ...

The effects of coal mining on health in Appalachia ...

types of surface mining, emerged as a method of coal mining in the 1960s, but did not become prominent until the 1990s when the Clean Air Act was amended, bringing the low-sulfur, high-energy bituminous coal of Appalachia into high demand (Burns, 2007). It is now the major

Appalachian Coal Ash Richest in Rare Earth Elements | Duke ...

Coal ash from the Appalachian Mountains saw the lowest extraction percentages, while ash from the Powder River Basin saw the highest. Hsu-Kim thnks this might be because the rare earth elements in the Appalachian Mountain coal ash are encapsulated within a glassy matrix of aluminum silicates, which nitric acid doesn't dissolve very well.

A REVIEW OF PROCEDURES FOR SURFACE MINING AND …

area of toxic material placement where oxygen concentrations are minimized. Zones 3 and 4 contain porous material, and depending on water ... throughout Appalachia for mining activities that involved handling potentially acid‐producing materials. ... It is used in premining planning extensively in the Appalachian coal region, in the ...

We still blow up mountains to mine coal: Time to end the ...

We still blow up mountains to mine coal: Time to end the war on Appalachia ... removal strip mining operations detonated nearby with a toxic haze of coal ... This material …

Mountain Removal in Appalachia

An important energy resource, coal is formed by the compression of organic material underneath the weight of overlying sediment for hundreds of millions of years. [2] Deposits lie deep underground and must be mined to obtain coal for use as a fossil fuel. In the United States, 70% of all coal is obtained through surface mining. [3]

Coal Mining's Blow on the Appalachian Economy – The World ...

A Haunting in Galveston Bay: Toxic Chemicals and Industrial Waste; Coal Mining's Blow on the Appalachian Economy. Mining coal was Appalachia's main source of income before the supplies were depleted and the market crashed, leaving the area in economic despair.

Coal and Water Pollution | Union of Concerned Scientists

Coal mining. Mining operations can negatively impact water supplies, often with long-lasting effects. The fundamental issue involves contamination of nearby rivers, lakes, and aquifers by what comes out of a coal mine—usually highly acidic water containing heavy metals like arsenic, copper, and lead. The process is known as acid mine drainage.It happens when certain substances (typically ...

Environmental justice and coal mining in Appalachia ...

Coal production. Appalachia is one of three coal-mining regions in the United States; the others are the Interior coal region, and the Western coal region, which includes the Powder River Basin.Eight states lie in the Appalachian coal region: Alabama, eastern Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, ia, and West ia. West ia is the largest coal-producing state in ...

What EPA is Doing to Reduce the Adverse Impacts of Surface ...

Fish and Wildlife Service, and. the West ia Department of Environmental Protection, issued an environmental impact statement looking at the impacts of surface coal mining and valley fills. This was done as part of a settlement agreement in the court case known as Bragg v. Robertson, Civ. No. 2:98-0636 (S.D. W.V.).